The best way for propagation is through the saplings that sprout from rhizomes. For this, we can easily collect the saplings from mother plants, using a sharp knife.
To grow your Bamboo directly in the soil, first make a pit in the dimensions 1:1:1 ft. Then fill it with a mixture of sand, loam and any organic manure.
After that, plant your bamboo sapling in it, and water regularly. If there is direct sunlight, provide a little shade for a few days.
Once the roots are fixed, your Bamboo will start growing faster.
To maintain the size and shape of the plant, timely pruning is necessary. It is equally important to use suitable tools, for pruning your Bamboo. Because, it is not easy for you to use ordinary shears to prune those with hard stems. But surely you can use a small, or medium sized pruning saw for this purpose.
Also we can use stem cuttings, for propagating the Bamboo plants. For this, always collect the cuttings from plants that are mature enough. Moreover, remember to use the culms with at least two nodes. Usually, roots are developed around the nodal regions of the culms.
For growing your Bamboo plants in pots, first select smaller varieties that are suitable for it. Surely you can try miniature Bamboo plants for this. The saplings are available with most of the garden suppliers or nurseries.
Usually bamboo plants can thrive in loamy soil. Hence make the mixture with equal quantities of River sand, loam and silt, that can retain the moisture without water logging. Also add some dried cow dung or compost to the mixture.
After that plant your sapling in the pot and keep it in shade for a few days . Never forget to water your Bamboo on a daily basis.
When the bamboo plant starts doing well in the new environment, transfer the pot anywhere in your home. Preferably, a place with indirect sunlight for a few hours a day.
Keeping the above points in mind, try to grow Bamboo plants in your garden, to make it really awesome.